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Linz in the “long” 19th century

Landstraße in the nineties of the 19th century

In this context, industrialisation proved to be an especially important phase in the history of population and migration.

Starting in the 1830s and 1840s, this phase ends with the transition to high-level industrialisation. In these years a pattern of immigration dominated in which many immigrants were identified as regional migrants, although they also came from Bohemia, above all southern Bohemia, while small numbers from other lands of the monarchy made up a reservoir of labour.

Immigrants dominated the city in purely quantitative terms. According to the long-established right of residence 23 % of the population were regarded as “local” at the turn of the century and 77 % as “foreign”.

In this city – once characterised as “fervently German nationalist” – Jewish and Czech immigrants, in particular, often encountered rejection, despite their relatively low numbers.

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